Acne

A common skin disorder which is caused by excess oil being produced in the sebaceous glands and follicles. Inflammation may occur in areas where hair follicles existing, such as the face, chest, shoulders, upper arms, and back. Acne can include forms such as whiteheads, blackheads and were pimples. While there is no specific time people will get acne, most will get it during the teenage or adolescent years. Some people may get acne adult acne, even if they never had it as a teenager. 

glossary

Acne Mechanica

This form of acne is from aggravated skin from constant pressure.  Some common causes include wearing sports helmets for long periods of time, headbands or work of clothing. These spots may last for several days and is what is commonly known as sports-induced acne.

Benzalkonium Chloride

These are strong agents that help the skin fight infections from the acne-bacteria. They contain a powerful mixture of clairides which to stop the acne-bacteria from entering the pores.

 
   

Blackhead

A common occurrence for many people, a blackhead is a pore which is filled with oil and dead skin cells. It is small with a black-tip.

 

Comedo

A thickened secretion consisting of a clogged pore, characterized by a flesh-tone bump (whitehead) or as a flat, rounded or slightly raised pore containing dark material (blackhead).

 

Dermis

This is the inner layer of skin underneath the epidermis. It contains hair follicles, connective tissue, blood, and, sweat glands. It is an important component of wound healing and other important skin functions.

 

Dead Skin Cells

After a skin cell has reached its maturity, it becomes dead. These can then build up on the surface of the skin, known as dead skin cells. They act as a barrier to affected creams and lotions. Dead skin cells ultimately results in acne and blackheads.

 

Exfoliation

The most effective way of removing dead skin cells from your skin. It's commonly done using topical skin care products such as face scrubs.

 

Epidermis

This is the outer layer of skin which is made up mostly of skin cells. The most important function of the epidermis is that it acts as a barrier to the harmful things in our environment.

 

Hyperpigmentation

A common skin condition which results in a discoloration of the skin.  For people who have acne-prone skin, hyper pigmentation usually appears around the acne area and may last for a specific specified period of time.

 

Inflammatory Lesion

This is commonly known as a pimple which can become read an inflamed.  Most will contain a light yellow pus which can be slightly raised and tender.

 

Lesion

An abnormal structural change in your pore.

 

Melanin

Occurs in all types of skin, this creates a variation of skin color of your skin.

 

Nodulocystic Acne

Several nodules will create Nodulocystic Acne.  This type of acne is often inflamed large and painful.  It will contain pus and often produce a scar in effect when healed.

 

Pimple

Also known as a pustule, this is a small were small swell and or elevated part of the skin.

 

Spot Treatment

The treatment that can be applied directly onto the spot where the acne is present.

 

Sebaceous Glands

Oil producing glands in the skin that produce sebum.  They secrete oil which makes it through to the hair follicle, which is responsible for moisturizing hair and skin.  These glands are found on the face, neck, shoulders and upper back.

 

Salicylic Acid

Popular acne fighting product ingredient. Works by dissolving dead skin cells inside the pores. Salicylic acid can also be used as a preventative treatment to stop acne from forming, or from pores becoming clogged.

 

Sloughing

The action of removing dead skin cells, also known as exfoliation.

 

Whitehead

This pimple, which will have a white tip which is slightly raised above the skin, is often caused by a clogged from dead skin cells. The pus and oil is not exposed to air (since it under the skin), that is why it remaining white (and not black, like ablachead which is exposed to air).

 

Zit

A small inflamed pimple.